Home Communicable Diseases National HIV Factsheet 202: HIV Epidemic Update of Nepal

National HIV Factsheet 202: HIV Epidemic Update of Nepal

by Public Health Update


Each year the annual estimates of key indicators among people living with HIV in Nepal are finalized by using AIDS Epidemic Model and Spectrum/AIM. Various survey and research data (key population size, Nepal Demographic Health Survey, trends of prevalence and behavioral data from integrated biological and behavioral surveillance surveys, behavioral information on condom use, sexual behavior, injecting practice, number of clients etc.) and program data like people on ART and PMTCT data are used as input in the analytical tools to prepare annual estimates of the status of the HIV epidemic in Nepal. The HIV epidemic in Nepal remains largely concentrated among key populations (people who inject drugs, sex workers and their clients, men who have sex with men and transgender people, male labour migrants and their wives and prison inmates).

  • First HIV case was detected in 1988 in Nepal.
  • Heterosexual transmission is dominant (72%).

HIV and AIDS Estimates in Nepal

S. NoPopulationNumber (min-max)
1Adults and children living with HIV30,000 (26000-32000)
2Adults aged 15 and over living with HIV29000 (26000-32000)
3Women aged 15 and over living with HIV13000 (12000-14000)
4Men aged 15 and over living with HIV16000 (14000-17000)
5Children aged 0 to 14 living with HIV1200 (1100-1400)
6Mothers needing elimination of vertical transmission services200 (160-240)
HIV and AIDS Estimates in Nepal

Key Indicators

S. No.Key indicatorsData as per 2021
1HIV Incidence per 10000.02%
2Percentage of women 15-49 living with HIV (of estimated adult PLHIV)53%
3New infant HIV infections33
4Total new infections among 0-14 years45
5AIDS mortality per 100 thousand2.13
6People have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic in 198861800
7People have died from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic in 198826970
Key Indicators

DOWNLOAD: 2022 World AIDS Day Factsheet

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