The 5 Moments for Medication Safety are the key moments where action by the patient or caregiver can greatly reduce the risk of harm associated with the use of their medication/s. Each moment includes 5 critical questions. Some are self-reflective for the patient and some require support from a health professional to be answered and reflected upon correctly.
For patients, families and caregivers
Pay attention to these 5 MOMENTS when using medication/s. ASK these QUESTIONS and FIND the ANSWERS with the help of a health care professional whenever you:
- visit a doctor, nurse, pharmacist or dentist
- visit a primary health care facility or pharmacy
- are admitted to and discharged from a health care facility
- are referred to another health care facility
- are transferred to another health care facility
- receive treatment and care at home.
For health professionals
Promote patient engagement by introducing this tool to your patients, their families and caregivers and supporting them in answering the questions.
- Starting a medication
- Taking my medication
- Adding a medication
- Reviewing my medication
- Stopping my medication
Starting a medication
- What is the name of this medication and what is it for?
- What are the risks and possible side-effects?
- Is there another way of treating my condition?
- Have I told my health professional about my allergies and other health conditions?
- How should I store this medication?
Taking my medication
- When should I take this medication and how much should I take each time?
- How should I take the medication?
- Is there anything related to food and drink that I should know while taking this medication?
- What should I do if I miss a dose of this medication?
- What should I do if I have side-effects?
Adding a medication
- Do I really need any other medication?
- Have I told my health professional about the medications I am already taking?
- Can this medication interact with my other medications?
- What should I do if I suspect an interaction?
- Will I be able to manage multiple medications correctly?
Reviewing my medication
- Do I keep a list of all my medications?
- How long should I take each medication?
- Am I taking any medications I no longer need?
- Does a health professional check my medications regularly?
- How often should my medications be reviewed?
Stopping my medication
- When should I stop each medication?
- Should any of my medications not be stopped suddenly?
- What should I do if I run out of medication?
- If I have to stop my medication due to an unwanted effect, where should I report this?
- What should I do with leftover or expired medications?
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