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Evolution and Milestones of Leprosy Control Programme in Nepal

by Public Health Update

Evolution and milestones of leprosy control programme in Nepal

The establishment of the Khokana Leprosarium in the nineteenth century was the beginning of organized leprosy services in Nepal. Key leprosy control milestones since 1960 are:

  • 1960: Leprosy survey by Government of Nepal in collaboration with WHO
  • 1966:  Pilot project to control leprosy launched with Dapsone monotherapy
  • 1982 :  Introduction of multi-drug therapy (MDT) in leprosy control programme
  • 1987 :  Integration of vertical leprosy control programme into general basic health services
  • 1991 : National leprosy elimination goal set
  • 1995 :  Focal persons (TB and leprosy assistants [TLAs]) appointed for districts and regions
  • 1996 : All 75 districts were brought into MDT programme
  • 1999/2000–2001/02 : Two rounds of National Leprosy Elimination Campaign (NLEC) implemented
  • 2008 : Intensive efforts made for achieving elimination at the national level
  • 2009 and 2010 :  Leprosy elimination achieved and declared at the national level
  • 2011 : National Leprosy Strategy (2011–2015)
  • 2012-2013 : Elimination sustained at national level and national guidelines, 2013 (2070) revised
  • 2013-2014 :  Mid-term evaluation of implementation of National Leprosy Strategy (2011-2015)
  • 2014-2015 :  Ministry of Health designated LCD as the Disability Focal Unit
  • 2017 :  Policy, Strategy and 10 Years Action Plan on Disability Management (Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation) 2073-2082 developed and disseminated. 
  • 2019 In-depth Review of National Leprosy Programme and Envisioning Road map to Zero Leprosy

Source of Info: Annual report of the Department of Health Services (DoHS) 2073/74 (2016/2017)

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