Home PH Important Day World Polio Day: One Day. One Focus: Ending Polio!

World Polio Day: One Day. One Focus: Ending Polio!

by Public Health Update

World Polio Day is observed every year on 24 October. It was established by Rotary International. World Polio Day provides an opportunity to highlight global efforts toward a polio-free world.

What is Poliomyelitis?

Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious disease that most commonly affects children under the age of 5. Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a paralyzing and potentially fatal disease that still threatens children in some parts of the world.

Recommended: National Immunization Schedule, Nepal (Revised)

Poliovirus invades the nervous system and can cause total paralysis in hours. It can strike people of any age but mainly affects children under five. Polio can be prevented by vaccines, but it is not curable. Unlike most diseases, polio can be eradicated.

Facts

  • There are 2 forms of vaccine available to ward off polio – oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV).
  • Large-scale vaccination rounds help rapidly boost immunity.
  • Every child must be vaccinated to eradicate polio.
  • Polio mainly affects children under age 5.
  • There is no cure, but polio is preventable with a vaccine.
  • Only two countries remain endemic.
  • Wild Poliovirus in Two Remaining Countries – Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • We’ve reduced cases by 99.9% since 1988.
  • Until we end polio forever, every child is at risk.

Source of info: CDC, ROTARY International & WHO

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