World Health Statistics 2019: Monitoring health for the SDGs
The World Health Statistics series is the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) annual compilation of health statistics for its 194 Member States. The series is produced by WHO’s Division for Data, Analytics and Delivery, in collaboration with WHO technical departments and regional offices. World health statistics 2019 summarizes recent trends and levels in life expectancy and causes of death, and reports on the health and health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets. Where possible, the 2019 report disaggregates data by WHO region, World Bank income group, and sex; it also discusses differences in health status and access to preventive and curative services, particularly in relation to differences between men and women.
- Under-5 mortality rates are generally higher in boys than girls owing to a greater biological frailty in boys.
- In low-income countries, maternal deaths contribute more than any other single cause to differences in life expectancy between men and women.
- Men have a lower life expectancy than women, owing to higher death rates in men from multiple causes, especially CVD, road injuries, lung cancers, COPD and stroke.
- Men have greater exposure to some risk factors for NCDs, such as tobacco use and alcohol consumption.
- In many settings, men use health services less than women.
- Women are the major contributors to the delivery of health services, but are more likely to be in caring roles (often unpaid) and less likely to be employed as doctors or managers.
- Females live longer than males
- Globally, there have been improvements in most of the health-related SDG indicators.