Home Research & Publication National Guideline Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) 

National Guideline Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) 

by Public Health Update


The Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP) has released a new guideline on National Guideline Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS).

Table of content

  • Introduction
  • Definition
  • Epidemiology
  • Etiology / Risk factors of ARDS
  • Pathogenesis of ARDS
  • COVID-19 and ARDS
  • Clinical Features of ARDS
  • Diagnostic Workup of a patient with ARDS
  • Determining the Cause of ARDS
  • Respiratory Support
  • Oxygen Therapy
  • Awake Self-proning
  • High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC)
  • Ventilatory Management
  • Basics of Mechanical Ventilation
    – Protocol for Use of Neuromuscular Blocking Agents (NMBA)
    – Lung Protective Ventilation
    – Prone Position Ventilation
    – Troubleshooting
    – Newer Modes
    – Liberation from Mechanical Ventilation
    – Non-invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV)
  • Rescue Therapy
  • Pharmacological Therapy
  • Fluid management in ARDS
  • Routine care of Critically Ill Patient
    – Protocolized Bundles in ICU
    – VAP Bundle: Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Prevention Bundle
    – Central Line Bundle: Prevention of Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections
    – ABCDE Bundle: Awakening and Breathing and Breathing Coordination, Delirium Monitoring /Management and Early Mobility (ABCDE) Bundle
    – Protocol for Use of Sedatives and Analgesics in ICU
    – Protocol for Delirium Monitoring and Management
    – Nutrition in Critically Ill Patient
    – Protocol for Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism/Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
    – Protocol for Use of Vasopressors and Inotropes
  • Nursing Care of ICU Patients
  • Long Term Outcome and Quality of Life After
  • Care of the Terminally Ill Patient/ End of Life Care
  • Rehabilitation in ARDS
  • Integrating Gender, Equity and Human Rights (GER) in Clinical Management (CM) of COVID-19



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