Key Indicators: The Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (1996 NDHS- 2016 NDHS)

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Key Indicators: The Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (1996 NDHS- 2016 NDHS)
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NEPAL

Indicator Characteristic 2016 DHS 2011 DHS 2006 DHS 2001 DHS 1996 DHS
Total fertility rate Total 2.3 2.6 3.1 4.1 4.6
Residence : Urban 2 1.6 2.1 2.1 2.9
Residence : Rural 2.9 2.8 3.3 4.4 4.8
Education : No education 3.3 3.7 3.9 4.8 5.1
Education : Primary 2.7 2.7 2.8 3.2 3.8
Education : Secondary 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.5
Education : Higher 1.8 1.7 1.5 2.1 2.3
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 3.1 3.3 3.6 4.5 4.9
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.5
Region : Eastern 2.4 2.5 3.1 3.8 4.1
Region : Central 2.4 2.5 3 4.3 4.6
Region : Western 2.2 2.5 3.1 3.5 4.7
Region : Midwestern 2.5 3.2 3.5 4.7 5.5
Region : Farwestern 2.2 2.8 3.5 4.7 5.2
Region : Province 1 2.3        
Region : Province 2 3        
Region : Province 3 1.8        
Region : Province 4 2        
Region : Province 5 2.4        
Region : Province 6 2.8        
Region : Province 7 2.2        
Region : Mountain 3        
Region : Hill 2.1        
Region : Terai 2.5        
Wealth quintile : Lowest 3.2 4.1 4.7    
Wealth quintile : Second 2.5 3.1 3.6    
Wealth quintile : Middle 2.5 2.7 3.1    
Wealth quintile : Fourth 2.1 2.1 2.7    
Wealth quintile : Highest 1.6 1.5 1.9    
Married women currently using any method of contraception (*Married women currently modern method of contraception) Total 52.6 49.7 48 39.3 28.5
Residence : Urban 54.8 59.6 60 62.2 50.1
Residence : Rural 49.2 48.2 45.9 36.9 26.5
Education : No education 58.2 52.8 49.3 36.6 26.4
Education : Primary 50.4 47 45.5 41.8 30.8
Education : Secondary 46.8 45.5 45.3 50.4 42.3
Education : Higher 51.3 52.6 51.5 57.9 51.3
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 55.7 51.1 48.5 37.5 27
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 48.1 46.8 46.1 51.1 43.5
Wealth quintile : Lowest 49.1 40.4 32.9 27.3 17.7
Wealth quintile : Second 53.4 46.3 42.6 31.9 23.4
Wealth quintile : Middle 49.6 48.2 49.2 35.2 24.7
Wealth quintile : Fourth 50.1 52 52.8 42.3 29.2
Wealth quintile : Highest 60.4 59.6 60.9 61.3 49.1
Region : Eastern 54.1 46.4 50 45.8 30.8
Region : Central 54.2 54.7 50 40.2 31
Region : Western 46.1 46.1 40.9 36.9 26.5
Region : Midwestern 52.7 46.9 45.5 35.7 26.9
Region : Farwestern 57.3 51.9 51.7 30.7 20.8
Region : Province 1 55.1        
Region : Province 2 47.7        
Region : Province 3 60.6        
Region : Province 4 48.5        
Region : Province 5 48        
Region : Province 6 51.1        
Region : Province 7 57.3        
Region : Mountain 54.6        
Region : Hill 53.9        
Region : Terai 51.4        
*Total 42.8 43.2 44.2 35.4 26
Residence : Urban 44.2 49.8 54.2 56.3 45.1
Residence : Rural 40.6 42.1 42.5 33.2 24.3
Education : No education 51.8 48.8 46.4 33.5 24.5
Education : Primary 42.4 40.5 41.9 37.7 27.8
Education : Secondary 34.5 36.9 39.4 42.7 36.6
Education : Higher 33.4 34.9 40.9 42.1 37.6
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 48.8 46.4 45.5 34.3 24.9
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 34.1 36.5 39.6 42.7 36.7
Wealth quintile : Lowest 41.8 35.6 30.3 23.8 15.7
Wealth quintile : Second 44.8 41.1 40.6 28.7 21.2
Wealth quintile : Middle 42.6 43.3 46.8 31.7 23.2
Wealth quintile : Fourth 41.7 45.3 48.2 38.9 26.6
Wealth quintile : Highest 43 48.9 53.9 55.2 44.9
Region : Eastern 41.7 36.2 44.8 37.9 26.8
Region : Central 45.4 49.9 46.4 36.9 28.6
Region : Western 34.9 38.7 36.6 34.3 25.2
Region : Midwestern 46.4 42.8 43.1 33.8 24.2
Region : Farwestern 48.1 47.1 49.5 28.8 19.6
Region : Province 1 40.1        
Region : Province 2 42.2        
Region : Province 3 49.2        
Region : Province 4 37.3        
Region : Province 5 38.9        
Region : Province 6 44.5        
Region : Province 7 48.1        
Region : Mountain 42.6        
Region : Hill 42.4        
Region : Terai 43.1        
Unmet need for family planning Total 23.7 27.5 24.7 27.8 32.4
Residence : Urban 22.7 20 19.7 15.9 21.1
Residence : Rural 25.3 28.7 25.6 29 33.4
Education : No education 17.9 22.8 21.7 28.3 32.2
Education : Primary 26.4 31 27.7 29 37.1
Education : Secondary 30.2 33.5 32.1 23.9 29.4
Education : Higher 23.2 27.1 24.4 18.7 19
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 20.6 25.2 23 28.4 32.8
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 28.2 32.3 31.2 23.4 28.1
Wealth quintile : Lowest 27 31.9 32.1 33.7 38.2
Wealth quintile : Second 23.7 28.6 26.8 30.9 35
Wealth quintile : Middle 24.3 28.9 22.7 30.8 32.2
Wealth quintile : Fourth 23.8 26.8 23.3 25.7 31.9
Wealth quintile : Highest 20.5 22.4 19.2 17 23.7
Region : Eastern 23.9 30.5 23.8 24 29.6
Region : Central 20.1 22 22.2 26.8 32
Region : Western 29.3 34.6 32.4 30.8 35.4
Region : Midwestern 26.3 26.9 25.7 29.6 32.3
Region : Farwestern 21.3 24.6 20.5 31.2 34.1
Region : Province 1 24.9        
Region : Province 2 20.6        
Region : Province 3 19.8        
Region : Province 4 30        
Region : Province 5 27.9        
Region : Province 6 25.7        
Region : Province 7 21.3        
Region : Mountain 22.8        
Region : Hill 25.5        
Region : Terai 22.4        
Demand for family planning satisfied by modern methods Total 56 55.9 60.9 52.8 42.8
Residence : Urban 57 62.5 68 72 63.3
Residence : Rural 54.5 54.8 59.5 50.4 40.5
Education : No education 67.9 64.6 65.5 51.7 41.9
Education : Primary 55.2 51.8 57.3 53.3 40.9
Education : Secondary 44.7 46.7 50.8 57.5 51
Education : Higher 44.8 43.8 53.9 55 53.5
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 63.9 60.9 63.7 52 41.7
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 44.7 46.2 51.2 57.3 51.3
Wealth quintile : Lowest 55 49.2 46.5 39 28.1
Wealth quintile : Second 58.1 54.8 58.4 45.7 36.3
Wealth quintile : Middle 57.7 56.1 65.1 48 40.7
Wealth quintile : Fourth 56.4 57.5 63.3 57.1 43.6
Wealth quintile : Highest 53.2 59.7 67.3 70.5 61.6
Region : Eastern 53.4 47.1 60.8 54.3 44.3
Region : Central 61.1 65 64.2 55.1 45.4
Region : Western 46.3 48 49.9 50.6 40.7
Region : Midwestern 58.7 58 60.5 51.8 40.9
Region : Farwestern 61.1 61.6 68.6 46.6 35.8
Region : Province 1 50.1        
Region : Province 2 61.8        
Region : Province 3 61.2        
Region : Province 4 47.5        
Region : Province 5 51.3        
Region : Province 6 57.9        
Region : Province 7 61.1        
Region : Mountain 55.1        
Region : Hill 53.4        
Region : Terai 58.5        
Median age at first marriage [Women]: 25-49 Median age at first marriage [Women]: 25-50 17.9 17.5 17 16.7 16.2
Residence : Urban 18.3 18.5 17.8 17.6 17.2
Residence : Rural 17.2 17.4 16.9 16.6 16.1
Education : No education 16.8 16.6 16.6 16.4 16
Education : Primary 17.4 17.3 17.1 17.2 16.6
Education : Secondary 19 19.2 19 18.6 18.7
Education : Higher 22.3 23.2 21.9 22 23.4
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 17 16.8 16.7 16.5 16
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 20 20 19.5 18.9 19.4
Region : Eastern 18.4 18.7 17.5 17.5 16.9
Region : Central 17.7 17 16.8 16.3 15.9
Region : Western 18 17.7 17.4 17.2 16.5
Region : Midwestern 17.6 17.1 16.6 16.5 16
Region : Farwestern 17.3 16.6 16.7 16 15
Region : Province 1 19.4        
Region : Province 2 16.3        
Region : Province 3 19.4        
Region : Province 4 18.4        
Region : Province 5 17.7        
Region : Province 6 17.3        
Region : Province 7 17.3        
Region : Mountain 18.1        
Region : Hill 18.7        
Region : Terai 17.2        
Wealth quintile : Lowest 17.5 17 16.9    
Wealth quintile : Second 17.4 17.1 16.7    
Wealth quintile : Middle 17.1 17 16.7    
Wealth quintile : Fourth 17.8 17.5 16.8    
Wealth quintile : Highest 19.5 19.1 18.3    
Median age at first sexual intercourse [Women]: 25-49 Total 17.9 17.7 17 16.7 16.3
Residence : Urban 18.3 18.6 18 17.6 17.3
Residence : Rural 17.3 17.5 16.9 16.6 16.3
Education : No education 16.9 16.7 16.7 16.4 16.1
Education : Primary 17.4 17.5 17.2 17.2 16.7
Education : Secondary 18.9 19.3 19.1 18.6 18.8
Education : Higher 22.3 23.3 21.9 22 23.2
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 17 16.9 16.7 16.5 16.2
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 20 20 19.6 18.9 19.5
Region : Eastern 18.5 18.9 17.6 17.5 17.1
Region : Central 17.8 17.2 16.8 16.4 16
Region : Western 18 17.8 17.5 17.2 16.6
Region : Midwestern 17.6 17.3 16.7 16.5 16.1
Region : Farwestern 17.4 16.7 16.7 16 15.4
Region : Province 1 19.3        
Region : Province 2 16.5        
Region : Province 3 19.3        
Region : Province 4 18.4        
Region : Province 5 17.7        
Region : Province 6 17.3        
Region : Province 7 17.4        
Region : Mountain 18        
Region : Hill 18.7        
Region : Terai 17.3        
Wealth quintile : Lowest 17.6 17.1 16.9    
Wealth quintile : Second 17.4 17.2 16.7    
Wealth quintile : Middle 17.3 17.1 16.7    
Wealth quintile : Fourth 17.8 17.7 16.8    
Wealth quintile : Highest 19.5 19.3 18.4    
Infant mortality rate Total 32 46 48 64 78
Residence : Urban 32 38 37 50 61
Residence : Rural 47 55 64 79 95
Education : No education 50 62 69 85 98
Education : Primary 39 53 58 61 80
Education : Secondary 30 37 31 42 58
Education : Higher 17 31 12 9 15
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 46 60 67 81 96
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 26 36 29 39 53
Wealth quintile : Lowest 50 61 71 86 96
Wealth quintile : Second 45 56 62 88 107
Wealth quintile : Middle 42 55 70 77 104
Wealth quintile : Fourth 31 53 51 73 85
Wealth quintile : Highest 20 32 40 53 64
Region : Eastern 33 47 45 78 79
Region : Central 38 52 52 77 86
Region : Western 36 53 56 60 84
Region : Midwestern 42 58 97 73 115
Region : Farwestern 58 65 74 112 124
Region : Province 1 31        
Region : Province 2 43        
Region : Province 3 29        
Region : Province 4 23        
Region : Province 5 42        
Region : Province 6 47        
Region : Province 7 58        
Region : Mountain 57        
Region : Hill 32        
Region : Terai 41        
Under-five mortality rate Total 39 54 61 91 118
Residence : Urban 39 45 47 66 82
Residence : Rural 55 64 84 112 143
Education : No education 60 73 93 121 149
Education : Primary 43 62 67 74 99
Education : Secondary 34 41 35 53 65
Education : Higher 21 32 12 22 25
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 54 70 88 114 144
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 30 40 32 50 61
Wealth quintile : Lowest 62 75 98 130 156
Wealth quintile : Second 54 66 83 125 164
Wealth quintile : Middle 46 64 91 104 155
Wealth quintile : Fourth 36 59 63 97 118
Wealth quintile : Highest 24 36 47 68 83
Region : Eastern 40 55 60 105 113
Region : Central 46 60 68 111 138
Region : Western 39 57 73 84 119
Region : Midwestern 50 73 122 111 178
Region : Farwestern 69 82 100 149 179
Region : Province 1 36        
Region : Province 2 52        
Region : Province 3 36        
Region : Province 4 27        
Region : Province 5 45        
Region : Province 6 58        
Region : Province 7 69        
Region : Mountain 63        
Region : Hill 38        
Region : Terai 49        
Pregnancy-related mortality ratio Total 259 (CI: 151 -366)   281 (CI: 178 -384)   543 (CI: 397 -688)
Maternal mortality ratio Total 239 (CI: 134 -345)        
Place of delivery: Health facility Total 62.3 40.6 19.1 9.8 7.6
Residence : Urban 72.7 77.2 50.1 46.2 43.8
Residence : Rural 50.4 36.9 14.9 7.5 5.1
Education : No education 43.2 24.2 8.1 4.6 3.8
Education : Primary 52.8 36.5 19.5 12.5 10.7
Education : Secondary 73 59.3 39.7 33.5 31.8
Education : Higher 89.7 83.5 80.8 59.6 72.2
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 47 28 10.9 5.9 4.7
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 78.1 63.6 44.3 36 36.5
Wealth quintile : Lowest 38.7 13.9 4.6 2.6 1.7
Wealth quintile : Second 52.9 28.4 9.7 3.1 3.5
Wealth quintile : Middle 65.7 43.4 12.9 5.7 4.8
Wealth quintile : Fourth 73.2 56.2 24.7 10.6 6.2
Wealth quintile : Highest 90.3 84.1 57.6 39.2 29.9
Region : Eastern 64.1 47.7 17.6 11.4 7.2
Region : Central 58.9 39.1 26.4 12.4 11.3
Region : Western 66.2 43.1 19.3 10.3 7.4
Region : Midwestern 56.1 34.8 15.1 3.6 2.7
Region : Farwestern 73.6 33.9 9.1 6.6 3.9
Region : Province 1 63.5        
Region : Province 2 52.6        
Region : Province 3 72.5        
Region : Province 4 72.9        
Region : Province 5 64.9        
Region : Province 6 40.6        
Region : Province 7 73.6        
Region : Mountain 44.7        
Region : Hill 64.8        
Region : Terai 62.9        
Total 57.4 35.3 17.7 9  
Residence : Urban 68.6 71.3 47.8 44.6  
Residence : Rural 44.2 31.6 13.5 6.6  
Education : No education 36.4 19.3 7.9 4.2  
Education : Primary 49.2 31.5 18.9 12  
Education : Secondary 71.5 56.7 40 33.3  
Education : Higher 89 81.3 77.6 63.5  
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 41.1 22.9 10.4 5.4  
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 76.7 60.8 44.1 35.8  
Wealth quintile : Lowest 33.9 11.4 4.3 2.3  
Wealth quintile : Second 46.6 23.3 9.3 3  
Wealth quintile : Middle 57.6 35.4 11.9 5.5  
Wealth quintile : Fourth 69.5 51.9 21.7 9  
Wealth quintile : Highest 89.6 77.9 55 36.5  
Region : Eastern 61.4 39.6 16.6 9.7  
Region : Central 53.5 35.7 24.2 11.7  
Region : Western 61.7 38 17.4 9.4  
Region : Midwestern 49.7 29.1 13.6 3.8  
Region : Farwestern 66.4 29 8.5 6.1  
Region : Province 1 62.2        
Region : Province 2 44.6        
Region : Province 3 70.7        
Region : Province 4 68.3        
Region : Province 5 59.4        
Region : Province 6 35.6        
Region : Province 7 66.4        
Region : Mountain 41.7        
Region : Hill 61        
Region : Terai 56.9        
Received all 8 basic vaccinations Total 77.8 87 82.8 65.6 43.3
Residence : Urban 78.5 90 86.3 74.9 71.1
Residence : Rural 77 86.6 82.4 65 41.5
Education : No education 67.8 78.1 74.3 57 38.1
Education : Primary 75.8 94.6 88.2 83.2 56
Education : Secondary 81.5 93.6 97.8 89 73.2
Education : Higher 94.1 96.4 100    
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 71 83.2 77.8 61.5 40.1
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 85.1 94.1 98.1 90 74.9
Wealth quintile : Lowest 76.6 84.5 68 54.2 32.4
Wealth quintile : Second 77.2 83.9 82.4 62.4 34.6
Wealth quintile : Middle 70.9 84 87.1 64.5 40.8
Wealth quintile : Fourth 84.8 91.5 90.7 74.7 51
Wealth quintile : Highest 81.6 95.7 93.5 81.6 71.1
Region : Eastern 80.6 87.7 86.2 73.8 45.2
Region : Central 71.1 83.1 78.3 60 43.2
Region : Western 83.1 91.2 88.9 64.8 51
Region : Midwestern 78.6 84.7 80.8 69.9 39
Region : Farwestern 83.4 93.7 80.5 59.7 32.5
Region : Province 1 79.4        
Region : Province 2 65.2        
Region : Province 3 85.3        
Region : Province 4 92.7        
Region : Province 5 78.3        
Region : Province 6 74.9        
Region : Province 7 83.4        
Region : Mountain 74.1        
Region : Hill 88        
Region : Terai 71.3        
Treatment of diarrhea: Either ORS or RHF Total 57.7 43.4 28.2 30.7 28.6
Residence : Urban 58 46.6 28.8 37.7 46.2
Residence : Rural 57.3 43.1 28.1 30.3 27.6
Education : No education 54.4 44.1 22 27.3 25.8
Education : Primary 51.7 37.5 28.5 37.4 40.5
Education : Secondary 57.5 47 38.3 44.5 42
Education : Higher 76.5 40.6      
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 53.3 42.1 23.6 28.8 27.6
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 64.2 46.1 41.7 47.1 41.7
Wealth quintile : Lowest 54.2 43.9 17.6 25.1 22
Wealth quintile : Second 48.9 40.2 24.8 26.4 25.9
Wealth quintile : Middle 59.2 39.8 30.6 30 32.7
Wealth quintile : Fourth 62.8 55.3 36.7 37.7 26.9
Wealth quintile : Highest 65.2 38.4 37.5 43.4 48.1
Region : Eastern 58.8 49.1 31.2 36.1 35.7
Region : Central 56.1 41.7 25.2 26.1 29.1
Region : Western 61.7 36 25.9 30.9 26.8
Region : Midwestern 63.7 49.6 35.3 28.4 25.3
Region : Farwestern 41.7 43.1 28.4 35 25
Region : Province 1 58.7        
Region : Province 2 55.2        
Region : Province 3 57.8        
Region : Province 5 57.6        
Region : Province 6 82.4        
Region : Province 7 41.7        
Region : Hill 53.6        
Region : Terai 58.9        
Total 61.3 44.9 29.3 32.2  
Residence : Urban 61.1 48.7 29.3 45.6  
Residence : Rural 61.6 44.5 29.3 31.4  
Education : No education 56.3 44.8 24 29.1  
Education : Primary 56.7 39.6 26 39  
Education : Secondary 61 48.5 41.7 44.8  
Education : Higher 83 48.1      
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 56.4 43.3 24.5 30.6  
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 68.7 48.4 45 46.9  
Wealth quintile : Lowest 55.5 46.5 17.9 26.6  
Wealth quintile : Second 53.1 42.9 29.3 26.8  
Wealth quintile : Middle 63.5 39.1 29.9 32.3  
Wealth quintile : Fourth 63.1 56.7 38.3 38.1  
Wealth quintile : Highest 74.1 41.6 39.6 47.7  
Region : Eastern 61.2 52.7 30.8 38.7  
Region : Central 59.6 39.7 27 27.2  
Region : Western 64.2 38.6 25.7 33.8  
Region : Midwestern 68.9 52.3 37.9 27.5  
Region : Farwestern 50.9 49.1 31.1 35.5  
Region : Province 1 61.6        
Region : Province 2 56.4        
Region : Province 3 64.7        
Region : Province 5 60.7        
Region : Province 6 84.8        
Region : Province 7 50.9        
Region : Hill 60.9        
Region : Terai 60.7        
Children stunted Total 35.8 40.5 49.3 57.2 56.6
Residence : Urban 32 26.7 36.3 42.7 45.6
Residence : Rural 40.2 41.8 51.1 58.2 57.3
Education : No education 45.7 47.6 57.7 61.5 60.5
Education : Primary 36.7 40.6 46.3 50.5 48.7
Education : Secondary 30 30.6 29.7 41.7 35
Education : Higher 21.1 22.8 16 34.8 18.4
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 42.5 45.6 55.1 59.7 58.9
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 27.4 29.4 28.2 39.7 33.3
Wealth quintile : Lowest 49.2 56 61.6 67.6 64.5
Wealth quintile : Second 38.7 45.7 54.9 61.3 61
Wealth quintile : Middle 35.7 34.5 50.4 54.3 58.1
Wealth quintile : Fourth 32.4 30.5 39.8 53.1 52.2
Wealth quintile : Highest 16.5 25.8 31 42.1 39.8
Region : Eastern 32.6 37 40.2 50.8 46.9
Region : Central 34.7 38.2 50 58.5 59.2
Region : Western 37.5 37.4 50.4 57.5 59.6
Region : Midwestern 42 50.3 57.9 62 56.8
Region : Farwestern 35.9 46.4 52.5 59.9 60.7
Region : Province 1 32.6        
Region : Province 2 37        
Region : Province 3 29.4        
Region : Province 4 28.9        
Region : Province 5 38.5        
Region : Province 6 54.5        
Region : Province 7 35.9        
Region : Mountain 46.8        
Region : Hill 32.3        
Region : Terai 36.7        
Children wasted Total 9.6 10.9 12.6 11.2 14.8
Residence : Urban 9.2 8.2 7.5 9 9.2
Residence : Rural 10 11.2 13.3 11.4 15.1
Education : No education 12.3 13.3 14.6 12.8 16
Education : Primary 8.9 11.3 8.4 9.3 10.8
Education : Secondary 8.5 6.4 11.4 6.1 9.5
Education : Higher 7.2 11.5 7.9 2.8 7.1
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 11.1 12.7 13.2 12.2 15.3
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 8.1 7.2 11 5.1 9.3
Wealth quintile : Lowest 8.6 12.5 11.5 12.7 15.7
Wealth quintile : Second 9.1 10.7 15.1 13 16.9
Wealth quintile : Middle 10.6 12.9 15.2 12.1 17.5
Wealth quintile : Fourth 11.3 8.8 12.8 9.7 14.5
Wealth quintile : Highest 7.3 7.4 7 6.9 6.5
Region : Eastern 13.1 10.2 10 8.8 12.9
Region : Central 9.8 11.6 13.8 15.5 14.6
Region : Western 6 10.4 10.9 8.1 12.7
Region : Midwestern 8.6 11.3 11.6 8.9 17.6
Region : Farwestern 9.2 10.9 16.7 12.6 19.2
Region : Province 1 11.8        
Region : Province 2 14.3        
Region : Province 3 4.2        
Region : Province 4 5.8        
Region : Province 5 7.6        
Region : Province 6 7.2        
Region : Province 7 9.2        
Region : Mountain 6.1        
Region : Hill 6.3        
Region : Terai 12.1        
Children underweight Total 27 28.8 38.6 42.7 42.3
Residence : Urban 23.4 16.5 23.2 27.9 24.6
Residence : Rural 31.1 30 40.7 43.8 43.5
Education : No education 36.7 38.4 46.6 47.8 46.5
Education : Primary 28 26.1 31.1 34.5 30.9
Education : Secondary 21.3 18.1 24 25.8 22.3
Education : Higher 13.7 8.6 11.3 19.6 8.5
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 33.5 34.8 43 45.6 44.5
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 19 16.5 22.6 23.9 20.9
Wealth quintile : Lowest 32.9 40.3 47 51.3 49.8
Wealth quintile : Second 28.1 31.6 45.9 47 47.1
Wealth quintile : Middle 33 28.8 41.7 44.6 46.4
Wealth quintile : Fourth 23.5 22.9 31 37.5 38.4
Wealth quintile : Highest 11.4 10.1 18.9 25.2 21.4
Region : Eastern 26.5 25.4 32.8 36.3 35.3
Region : Central 28 29.5 38.3 46.7 44.5
Region : Western 23.7 23.2 38.6 38.7 40.9
Region : Midwestern 29.1 36.9 43.4 45.6 43.5
Region : Farwestern 28.2 32.6 43.7 47.6 50.3
Region : Province 1 24.5        
Region : Province 2 36.6        
Region : Province 3 13.4        
Region : Province 4 14.9        
Region : Province 5 27.2        
Region : Province 6 35.5        
Region : Province 7 28.2        
Region : Mountain 28.5        
Region : Hill 18.1        
Region : Terai 32.5        
Median duration of exclusive breastfeeding Total 4.2 4.3 2.5 4.1 4.7
Residence : Urban 3.9 3.4 2.2 0.8 3.9
Residence : Rural 4.5 4.3 2.6 4.3 4.8
Education : No education 4.3 5.2 2.5 4.6 5
Education : Primary 4.5 4.7 3.7 3 4.8
Education : Secondary 3.8 3.3 2.2 2.6 3.2
Education : Higher 4.4 2.8 1.4 4.1 3.7
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 4.4 5 2.9 4.3 5
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 4 3.2 2.1 2.7 3.3
Wealth quintile : Lowest 4.9 4.6 3.6 4.5 5.3
Wealth quintile : Second 3.7 4.6 2.4 3.4 4.8
Wealth quintile : Middle 4.5 4.7 2.8 4.6 5.5
Wealth quintile : Fourth 3.7 4.3 2.2 5 4.4
Wealth quintile : Highest 3.6 2.3 1.8 2.4 3.7
Region : Eastern 3.5 3.6 2.3 3.8 4.4
Region : Central 3.6 4.8 2.2 4.3 4.7
Region : Western 4.9 3.6 3.2 3.4 4.2
Region : Midwestern 4.9 4 3.4 4.9 5.4
Region : Farwestern 5.2 5.5 3.1 3.7 5.6
Region : Province 1 3.3        
Region : Province 2 3.7        
Region : Province 3 3.6        
Region : Province 4 4.6        
Region : Province 5 4.9        
Region : Province 6 5.4        
Region : Province 7 5.2        
Region : Mountain 4.7        
Region : Hill 4        
Region : Terai 4.2        
Women receiving an HIV test and receiving test results in the last 12 months Residence : Urban 4.7 3.9      
Residence : Rural 3.4 2.7      
Education : No education 1.9 1.7      
Education : Primary 2.8 2.3      
Education : Secondary 5.1 3.4      
Education : Higher 9.1 7.9      
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 2.2 1.9      
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 6.3 4.2      
Wealth quintile : Lowest 3.5 2.8      
Wealth quintile : Second 3.3 1.9      
Wealth quintile : Middle 3.3 1.8      
Wealth quintile : Fourth 4.2 3.5      
Wealth quintile : Highest 6.7 4.2      
Total 15-49 4.3 2.9      
Region : Eastern 2.9 2.3      
Region : Central 3.5 1.9      
Region : Western 4.9 2.7      
Region : Midwestern 4.7 4.4      
Region : Farwestern 8.9 6.4      
Region : Province 1 3.3        
Region : Province 2 1.3        
Region : Province 3 5        
Region : Province 4 4.3        
Region : Province 5 5.8        
Region : Province 6 2.9        
Region : Province 7 8.9        
Region : Mountain 3.1        
Region : Hill 5.3        
Region : Terai 3.5        
Men receiving an HIV test and receiving test results in the last 12 months Total 8.1 7.5      
Residence : Urban 8.5 9.7      
Residence : Rural 7.2 7      
Education : No education 3.9 1.9      
Education : Primary 5.8 3.6      
Education : Secondary 9.6 9.7      
Education : Higher 8.5 10.1      
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 5.2 2.9      
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 9.3 9.8      
Wealth quintile : Lowest 5.3 3.9      
Wealth quintile : Second 3.5 3.5      
Wealth quintile : Middle 9.2 7.9      
Wealth quintile : Fourth 10.6 9      
Wealth quintile : Highest 9.7 10.4      
Total 15-49 8.1 7.5      
Region : Eastern 9.6 7.7      
Region : Central 8.4 7.3      
Region : Western 6 8.4      
Region : Midwestern 6.1 6.6      
Region : Farwestern 10 6.7      
Region : Province 1 8        
Region : Province 2 11.2        
Region : Province 3 7.6        
Region : Province 4 6.3        
Region : Province 5 6        
Region : Province 6 5.4        
Region : Province 7 10        
Region : Mountain 9        
Region : Hill 7.9        
Region : Terai 8.1        
Physical or sexual violence committed by husband/partner Residence : Urban 23.4 25.4      
Residence : Rural 25.6 29.1      
Education : No education 32.1 36.1      
Education : Primary 26.4 24.1      
Education : Secondary 16.2 19.7      
Education : Higher 11.9 15.3      
Education (2 groups) : No education or primary 30.4 32.8      
Education (2 groups) : Secondary or higher 14.9 18.8      
Wealth quintile : Lowest 22.7 30.4      
Wealth quintile : Second 26.5 31.3      
Wealth quintile : Middle 29.5 35.8      
Wealth quintile : Fourth 24.9 28.6      
Wealth quintile : Highest 17.1 16.5      
Total 15-49 24.3 28.2      
Region : Eastern 23.9 32.2      
Region : Central 28.6 28.8      
Region : Western 19.5 20.3      
Region : Midwestern 23.6 31.5      
Region : Farwestern 20.2 23.8      
Region : Province 1 20.4        
Region : Province 2 35.2        
Region : Province 3 22.6        
Region : Province 4 13.1        
Region : Province 5 26.9        
Region : Province 6 17.7        
Region : Province 7 20.2        
Region : Mountain 16.2        
Region : Hill 17.9        
Region : Terai 30.6        
Women with secondary or higher education Residence : Urban 56.8 63.7 52.1 37.9 36.5
Residence : Rural 38.6 39.2 25.1 10.6 6.5
Wealth quintile : Lowest 33.4 16.4 12.4 3.8 1.4
Wealth quintile : Second 41.9 26.7 15.9 4.8 2.3
Wealth quintile : Middle 39.1 35.3 19.5 7.4 4.3
Wealth quintile : Fourth 53.1 51.4 35.6 12.4 9
Wealth quintile : Highest 77.2 74.6 59 39 30
Total 15-49 50 42.8 29.3 13.2 9
Region : Eastern 51.4 50.3 32.7 16.5 11.5
Region : Central 47.3 39 27.4 11.5 9.7
Region : Western 57.1 48.1 35.9 18.1 10
Region : Midwestern 46 35.6 25 9.2 5.8
Region : Farwestern 46.9 34.2 22.9 6.3 3.7
Region : Province 1 56.6        
Region : Province 2 29.3        
Region : Province 3 61.1        
Region : Province 4 61.7        
Region : Province 5 50.2        
Region : Province 6 45.4        
Region : Province 7 46.9        
Region : Mountain 44.4        
Region : Hill 57.8        
Region : Terai 44        
Women who are literate Residence : Urban 75.2 82.8 75.8 64  
Residence : Rural 58.8 64 50.6 32.2  
Wealth quintile : Lowest 58.7 44.1 36.7 20.6  
Wealth quintile : Second 63.5 52.9 42.6 23.2  
Wealth quintile : Middle 58.9 60.9 45.9 28  
Wealth quintile : Fourth 70.4 76.5 62 37.4  
Wealth quintile : Highest 90.4 91 81.4 69.1  
Total 15-49 69.1 66.7 54.5 35.3  
Region : Eastern 67.9 71.9 55.9 38.1  
Region : Central 64.5 59.6 50.5 27.9  
Region : Western 78.1 77 64.6 50.9  
Region : Midwestern 71.6 62.2 54.7 32.4  
Region : Farwestern 67 61.2 48.1 24.4  
Region : Province 1 77.7        
Region : Province 2 38.5        
Region : Province 3 82        
Region : Province 4 86.4        
Region : Province 5 72.6        
Region : Province 6 66.2        
Region : Province 7 67        
Region : Mountain 64.3        
Region : Hill 80.8        
Region : Terai 59.8        
Households with electricity Total 90.5 76.3 51.2 24.6 17.9
Residence : Urban 94.2 97 90.1 85.7 78.4
Residence : Rural 84.5 72.9 43.2 17.4 12.1
Region : Eastern 90.3 80 48.8 27.8 15.2
Region : Central 95 76.8 58.1 29.1 28.5
Region : Western 94.1 86.1 61.3 30.2 16.7
Region : Midwestern 75.1 58.6 47 7.6 7
Region : Farwestern 85.2 63.6 21.3 11.5 4.4
Region : Province 1 90.3        
Region : Province 2 89.9        
Region : Province 3 97.9        
Region : Province 4 95.6        
Region : Province 5 88.2        
Region : Province 6 67.5        
Region : Province 7 85.2        
Region : Mountain 84.6        
Region : Hill 91.2        
Region : Terai 90.7        
Total fertility rate 15-49 Total fertility rate for the three years preceding the survey for age group 15-49 expressed per woman
Married women currently using any method of contraception Percentage of currently married or in union women currently using any method of contraception
Married women currently using any modern method of contraception Percentage of currently married or in union women currently using any modern method of contraception
Unmet need for family planning Percentage of currently married or in union women with an unmet need for family planning
Demand for family planning satisfied by modern methods Percentage of demand for family planning satisfied by modern methods is calculated as the number of currently married women using modern methods of family planning divided by the number of currently married women with demand for family planning (either with unmet need or currently using any family planning)
Median age at first marriage [Women]: 25-49 Median age at first marriage or union in years among women age 25-49
Median age at first sexual intercourse [Women]: 25-49 Median age at first sexual intercourse in years among women age 25-49
Infant mortality rate Probability of dying before the first birthday (in the ten years preceding the survey [five years for Total]) per 1,000 live births
Under-five mortality rate Probability of dying before the fifth birthday (in the ten years preceding the survey [five years for Total]) per 1,000 live births
Place of delivery: Health facility Percentage of live births in the five (or three) years preceding the survey delivered at a health facility
Received all 8 basic vaccinations Percentage of children 12-23 months who had received all 8 basic vaccinations
Treatment of diarrhea: Either ORS or RHF Percentage of children born in the five (or three) years preceding the survey with diarrhea in the two weeks preceding the survey who received either oral rehydration solution (ORS) or recommended home fluids (RHF)
Children stunted Percentage of children stunted (below -2 SD of height for age according to the WHO standard)
Children wasted Percentage of children wasted (below -2 SD of weight for height according to the WHO standard)
Children underweight Percentage of children underweight (below -2 SD of weight for age according to the WHO standard)
Median duration of exclusive breastfeeding Median duration of exclusive breastfeeding (months)
Children under 5 who slept under an insecticide-treated net (ITN) Percentage of children under age five who slept under an insecticide treated net (ITN) the night before the survey
HIV prevalence among women Percentage HIV positive among adult women who were tested. Data are shown with lower and upper bounds of the confidence intervals showing the range of the estimate with 95% probability. Starting around 2015 The DHS Program changed the HIV testing algorithm to add a confirmatory test for all EIA positive specimens. This change may affect trends in HIV prevalence estimates in some countries.
HIV prevalence among men Percentage HIV positive among adult men who were tested. Data are shown with lower and upper bounds of the confidence intervals showing the range of the estimate with 95% probability. Starting around 2015 The DHS Program changed the HIV testing algorithm to add a confirmatory test for all EIA positive specimens. This change may affect trends in HIV prevalence estimates in some countries.
HIV prevalence among general population Percentage HIV positive among adult respondents who were tested. Data are shown with lower and upper bounds of the confidence intervals showing the range of the estimate with 95% probability. Starting around 2015 The DHS Program changed the HIV testing algorithm to add a confirmatory test for all EIA positive specimens. This change may affect trends in HIV prevalence estimates in some countries.
Women receiving an HIV test and receiving test results in the last 12 months Percentage of women who received an HIV test in the 12 months preceding the interview and received the test results
Men receiving an HIV test and receiving test results in the last 12 months Percentage of men who received an HIV test in the 12 months preceding the interview and received the test results
Pregnancy-related mortality ratio Pregnancy-related mortality ratio for the seven years preceding the survey expressed per 1,000 women-years of exposure. Pregnancy-related deaths are deaths during pregnancy, delivery and in the two months following delivery, including deaths due to accidents or violence
Maternal mortality ratio Maternal mortality ratio for the seven years preceding the survey expressed per 100,000 live births, calculated as the age-adjusted maternal mortality rate times 100 divided by the age-adjusted general fertility rate. Maternal deaths are deaths to adult females during pregnancy, delivery or in the 42 days following delivery, excluding those due to accidents or violence.
Women circumcised (FGC) Percentage of women circumcised (women who experienced female genital cutting (FGM))
Physical or sexual violence committed by husband/partner Percentage of ever married women who have ever experienced physical or sexual violence committed by their husband or partner
Women who are literate Percentage of women who are literate
Women with secondary or higher education Percentage of women with secondary or higher education
Households with electricity Percentage of households with electricity
ICF International, 2015. The DHS Program STATcompiler. Funded by USAID. https://www.statcompiler.com. November 13 2017
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