World Polio Day 24 October 2017- Promoting health through the life-course
World Polio Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis. Use of this inactivated poliovirus vaccine and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. As of 2013, GPEI had reduced polio worldwide by 99%.
Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease. There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines. Polio can be prevented through immunization. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, almost always protects a child for life. The strategy to eradicate polio is therefore based on preventing infection by immunizing every child until transmission stops and the world is polio-free.
Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance — The surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) has been carried out in all 75 districts since 1998 with 735 routine weekly zero reporting and 79 active surveillance sites. The two main indicators for AFP sensitivity surveillance are i) the non-polio AFP rate (which should be at least 2 per 100,000 among under 15 year olds) and ii) an adequate stool collection rate, which should be more than 80 percent of AFP cases In 2072/73, 455 AFP cases were reported from 67 districts and no cases from 8 districts. (DoHS Annual Report 2072/73)