UNDP #HDR2019 “Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: inequalities in human development in the 21st Century”
To answer global protests, tackle new inequalities — UN report
2019 Human Development Report says business as usual will not solve new generation of inequalities
- Human Development Index (HDI) Value 0.579 (2018)
- Human Development Index (HDI) RANK : 147 (2018)
- Gender Development Index: 0.897 (2018)
- Gender Inequality Index: 0.476
- Lost health expectancy: 13.8
KEY MESSAGES OF THE REPORT
- Despite the considerable gains in health, education and living standards the world has witnessed in the last decades, something in our globalized society is not working. The connecting thread is #inequality, argues #HDR2019.
- The new #HDR2019 says despite substantial gains in health, education and living standards, the basic needs of many remain unmet while a next generation of #inequalities is open, determining people’s opportunities in 21st Century & beyond.
- While the gap in basic living standards is narrowing for millions of people, the necessities to thrive have evolved. A new generation of inequalities in human development is opening up around education, technology and climate change, hindering the progress of SDGs.
- A new generation of #inequalities in #humandev is opening up. In countries with very high human development, for example, subscriptions to fixed broadband are growing 15 times faster.
- A new generation of #inequalities in #humandev is opening up. The proportion of adults with tertiary education is growing more than six times faster than in countries with low human development.
- #HDR2019 analyzes #inequality in three steps: #beyondincome, beyond averages, and beyond today. But the problem of inequality is not beyond solutions, and the report proposes a battery of policy options to tackle it.
- Reversing #inequality in #humandev requires more than redistribution. It needs decoupling political & economic power, leveling the economic playing field and continuing to close gaps in basic deprivations, while reversing new, emerging types of inequalities.
- According to #HDR2019’s inequality-adjusted #HumanDevelopment Index, 20% of #humandev progress was lost through #inequalities in 2018. Policies should look at but also go #beyondincome, says new report.
- #HDR2019 finds #inequality begins even before birth and can accumulate, amplified by differences in health & education, into adulthood. Solutions must therefore start at or before birth, including investing in children’s learning, health & nutrition.
- Early childhood investments must continue through a person’s life, during & after their time in the workforce. Pro-productivity policies must be coupled with antitrust and other policies to fix market imbalances, argues #HDR2019
- Averages often hide what’s really going on in society, says #HDR2019. We need more detailed info to tackle #inequality – especially in addressing #multidimensionalpoverty, leaving no one behind, & promoting #genderequality
- #HDR2019 estimates that it will take 202 years to close the #gendergap in economic opportunity alone. Just as progress on the #SDGs should be accelerating, the report’s 2019 Gender #Inequality Index says it is actually slowing.
- #Climatechange hurts #humandev in many ways, with additional 250,000 expected deaths per YEAR from its effects between 2030 & 2050, says #HDR2019. But there are options to tackle it, if we act now.
- Government action to tackle #inequalities cannot be based on policies in isolation or thinking there exists a single silver bullet. Rather, policies should link the expansion and distribution of both capabilities and income.
- The Asia-Pacific region has witnessed the steepest rise globally in human development – but multidimensional poverty continues to drive inequality.
- Leaping ahead, lagging behind? Asia-Pacific leads the world in access to broadband – yet may be vulnerable to new forms of inequalities in higher education and climate resilience.
- According to #HDR2019, East Asia stands to reap much of the global economic benefit of AI by 2030. But progress should benefit all.
- No other region has seen such rapid human development progress as Asia and the Pacific. South Asia grew fastest, with the most progress in life expectancy and schooling.
- According to #HDR2019, only 25% of the tertiary school-aged population in South Asia and 44% in East Asia and the Pacific are enrolled in higher education.
- Rapid progress in the Asia-Pacific region hasn’t benefited everyone: 661 million of the world’s 1.3 billion in #multidimensionalpoverty live in the region.
- Over 22% of South Asian kids under 5 experience nutritional #inequality at home, where one child is malnourished while a sibling is not.