Overview

The 2020 edition of the World Malaria Report takes a historical look at key milestones that helped shape the global response to the disease over the last 2 decades – a period of unprecedented success in malaria control. The report features a detailed analysis on progress towards the 2020 milestones of WHO’s global malaria strategy and a special section on malaria and the COVID-19 pandemic.

As in past years, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the burden of malaria at global, regional and country levels. It tracks investments in malaria programmes and research as well as progress across all intervention areas. This latest report draws on data from 87 countries and territories with ongoing malaria transmission. 

Key Facts

  • 1.5 billion malaria cases averted since 2000
  • 7.6 million malaria-related deaths averted since 2000
  • 229 million new malaria infections in 2019
  • 409 000 people died of malaria in 2019

Report at a glance

  • Globally, there were an estimated 229 million malaria cases in 2019 in 87 malaria endemic countries, declining from 238 million in 2000. At the Global technical strategy for malaria 2016–2030 (GTS) baseline of 2015, there were 218 million estimated malaria cases.
  • Twenty-nine countries accounted for 95% of malaria cases globally. Nigeria (27%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (3%) accounted for about 51% of all cases globally.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) African Region, with an estimated 215 million cases in 2019, accounted for about 94% of cases.
  • The WHO South-East Asia Region accounted for about 3% of the burden of malaria cases globally.
  • Malaria cases reduced by 73%, from 23 million in 2000 to about 6.3 million in 2019. Malaria case incidence in this region reduced by 78%, from about 18 cases per 1000 population at risk in 2000 to about four cases in 2019.
  • India contributed to the largest absolute reductions in the WHO South-East Asia Region, from about 20 million cases in 2000 to about 5.6 million in 2019. Sri Lanka was certified malaria free in 2015, and Timor-Leste reported zero malaria cases in 2018 and 2019.
  • Globally, malaria deaths have reduced steadily over the period 2000–2019, from 736 000 in 2000 to 409 000 in 2019. The percentage of total malaria deaths among children aged under 5 years was 84% in 2000 and 67% in 2019. The global estimate of deaths in 2015, the GTS baseline, was about 453 000.
  • In the WHO South-East Asia Region, malaria deaths reduced by 74%, from about 35 000 in 2000 to 9 000 in 2019.

Source of Info: WHO



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