The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) started World Diabetes Day in 1991 in response to the escalating health threat posed by diabetes. It has since grown to become a globally celebrated on14 November and an official United Nations (UN) awareness day. It is now the world’s largest diabetes awareness campaign.
World Diabetes Day aims to:
- Be the leading platform to promote diabetes advocacy efforts
- Promote the importance of taking coordinated and concerted actions to confront diabetes as a serious global health threat
- Draw attention to the key issues and keep diabetes firmly in the global public and political spotlight.
DIABETES CONCERNS EVERY FAMILY
The theme for World Diabetes Day 2018 and 2019 is ‘the family and diabetes’.
With the tagline ‘diabetes concerns every family’, the campaign has a two year timeframe. This has been a response to feedback from campaign stakeholders who have requested more time for planning, development, promotion and participation.
The primary aim of the 2018–19 campaign is to raise awareness of the impact that diabetes has on the family and to promote the role of the family in the management, care, prevention and education of the condition.
To achieve this, various media outreach and awareness activities will take place in the build up to diabetes awareness month, on World Diabetes Day itself and throughout the month of November.
DETECTING DIABETES EARLY INVOLVES THE FAMILY TOO:
- One in every two people with diabetes is undiagnosed. Early diagnosis and treatment is key to helping prevent or delay life-threatening complications.
- If type 1 diabetes is not detected early, it can lead to serious disability or death. Know the signs and symptoms to protect yourself and your family.
PREVENTING TYPE 2 DIABETES INVOLVES THE FAMILY TOO:
- Many cases of type 2 diabetes can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Reducing your family’s risk starts at home.
- When a family eats healthy meals and exercises together, all family members benefit and encourage behaviours that could help prevent type 2 diabetes in the family
- If you have diabetes in your family, learn about the risks, the warning signs to look out for and what you can do to prevent diabetes and its complications
- Families need to live in an environment that supports healthy lifestyles and helps them to prevent type 2 diabetes
80% OF CASES OF TYPE 2 DIABETES IS PREVENTABLE THROUGH THE ADOPTION OF A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
70% OF PREMATURE DEATHS AMONG ADULTS ARE LARGELY DUE TO BEHAVIOUR INITIATED DURING ADOLESCENCE
CARING FOR MY DIABETES INVOLVES MY FAMILY TOO:
- Managing diabetes requires daily treatment, regular monitoring, a healthy lifestyle and ongoing education. Family support is key.
- All health professionals should have the knowledge and skills to help individuals and families manage diabetes
- Education and ongoing support should be accessible to all individuals and families to help manage diabetes
- Essential diabetes medicines and care must be accessible and affordable for every family
LESS THAN 1 IN 2 PEOPLE WITH DIABETES AND 1 IN 4 FAMILY MEMBERS OF PEOPLE WITH DIABETES HAVE ACCESS TO DIABETES EDUCATION PROGRAMMES
1 IN 5 HEALTH PROFESSIONALS DO NOT RECEIVE ANY POSTGRADUATE TRAINING IN DIABETES
- 425 million adults (1-in-11) have diabetes
- The number of people with diabetes is expected to rise to 522 million by 2030
- 1-in-2 people with diabetes remain undiagnosed (212 million)
- 3 out of 4 people with diabetes live in low and middle income countries
- Over 1 million children and adolescents have type 1 diabetes
- 1-in-6 births is affected by high blood glucose (hyperglycaemia) in pregnancy
- Two-thirds of people with diabetes are of working age (327 million)
- Diabetes caused 4 million deaths in 2017
- Diabetes caused at least $727 billion in health expenditure in 2017 – that’s greater than the defence budgets of the US and China combined.