Autism spectrum disorders
Fact sheet (January 2016)
- 1 in 160 children has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
- ASD begin in childhood but tend to persist into adolescence and adulthood.
- While some people with ASD are able to live independent and productive lives, others have severe disabilities and require life-long care and support.
- Evidence-based psychosocial interventions, such as behavioural treatment, can reduce difficulties in communication and social behaviour, with a positive impact on wellbeing and quality of life.
- Interventions targeting people with ASD need to be accompanied by broader actions for making physical, social and attitudinal environments more accessible, inclusive and supportive.
- Worldwide, people with ASD are often subject to stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Globally, access to services and support for people with ASD is inadequate.