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National Action Plan for Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Nepal

by Public Health Update


Nepal’s NAP on AMR 2021-2026 focuses mainly on AMR management in bacteria because of the urgency and widespread impact of antibacterial resistance (ABR). The NAP-AMR is a national strategy aimed at addressing the issue of ABR in an integrated manner. The scope of NAP-AMR is very well aligned with the GAP on AMR that was endorsed by member states during the 68th World Health Assembly.

National Antimicrobial Treatment Guidelines 2023


The overarching goal of the NAP-AMR is to effectively combat AMR in Nepal by taking the “One Health” approach and contribute towards the global efforts to tackle this public health emergency. The vision is to reduce the mortality, morbidity, and economic impact of AMR in Nepal. The NAP-AMR shall establish collaboration amongst all relevant stakeholders and strengthen governance mechanisms as well as the capacity of all stakeholders to confront the cause and impact of AMR in Nepal.


The core objective of the NAP-AMR is to slow the emergence of AMR in Nepal and strengthen the organizational and management structure to ensure intra and intersectoral coordination with a “One Health” approach and implement activities related to it.

Strategic priorities

The NAP-AMR clearly outlines the specific priorities and interventions to be implemented over the five-year period to tackle the public health challenge of AMR in Nepal.

  • Improve awareness and understanding of AMR through effective communication, education and training
  • Strengthen the knowledge and evidence through surveillance
  • Reduce the incidence of infection through effective infection prevention and control
  • Optimize the use of antimicrobial agents in health, animal, and food
  • Promote investments for AMR activities, research and innovations

Focus areas of the five strategic priorities

Screen Shot 2024 02 27 at 18.01.27
Focus areas of the five strategic priorities

Download final draft

Download final draft

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