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The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Data 2019

AT A GLANCE

  • Gains continue to be made against the epidemic, but those gains are getting smaller year-on-year.
  • There has been steady progress in the reduction of AIDS-related deaths, but efforts to reach the 2020 target for reductions in HIV infections are clearly off-track.
  • Gains in eastern and southern Africa are driving global progress. In much of the rest of the world, there are worrying setbacks in key countries and entire regions.
  • More than half of new HIV infections in 2018 were among key populations and their sexual partners.
  • An epidemic transition metric suggests that a diverse group of 19 countries are on the path to ending AIDS. Many more countries are not.

HIGHLIGHTS 

  • A one third decline in AIDS-related deaths: The annual number of deaths from AIDS-related illness among people living with HIV (all ages) globally has fallen from a peak of 1.7 million [1.3 million–2.4 million] in 2004 to 770 000 [570 000–1 100 000] in 2018.
  • New HIV infections declining gradually: The annual number of new HIV infections globally continued to decline gradually in 2018.
  • More than half of new infections are among key populations and their sexual partners.
  • Epidemic transition: The global incidence-prevalence ratio has declined from 11.2% in 2000 to 6.6% in 2010 to 4.6% in 2018, reinforcing the conclusion that important progress has been made against the epidemic. Despite this, the world is not yet on track to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

Global summary of the AIDS epidemic 2018

  • Number of people living with HIV
    Total: 37.9 million [32.7 million–44.0 million]
    Adults : 36.2 million [31.3 million–42.0 million]
    Women (15+ years) : 18.8 million [16.4 million–21.7 million]
    Children (<15 years): 1.7 million [1.3 million–2.2 million] 
  • People newly infected with HIV in 2018
    Total: 
    1.7 million [1.4 million–2.3 million]
    Adults: 1.6 million [1.2 million–2.1 million]
    Children (<15 years): 160 000 [110 000–260 000]

  • AIDS-related deaths in 2018
    Total: 770 000 [570 000–1.1 million]
    Adults : 670 000 [500 000–920 000]
    Children (<15 years): 100 000 [64 000–160 000]

Key facts on HIV in Asia and the Pacific (2018)

Key facts on HIV in Asia and the Pacific (2018)

Key facts on HIV in Asia and the Pacific (2018)

DOWNLOAD REPORT (PDF FILE)


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